Vitamins and iron for premature and low birthweight children

Information about vitamins and iron supplements for babies born with gestational age under 37 weeks or over 37 weeks, but weighing under 2500 g.

Babies born with gestational age under 37 weeks or weighing under 2500 g need vitamins and iron supplements.

Vitamin D 400 IU /5 drops (10 micrograms)

Start giving the drops when the baby is one week old.

The first month you should give the baby 10 drops a day, equivalent to 800 IU (20 micrograms).

From 1 month to 4 years old, the child should have 5 drops daily, equivalent to 400 IU.

Children with dark skin should get vitamin D up until they are 18 years old.

Jernmedic 34 mg/ml (1,3 mg iron/drop)

Start the iron supplements when the baby is 4 weeks old.

The dose is dependent upon the weight of the child:

Under 1500 grams:                    2 drops a day

Between 1500-3500 grams:   4 drops a day

Over 3500 grams:                       6 drops a day

If baby’s birthweight is under 1500 grams, the iron supplement should be given until the baby is 12 months old.

If baby’s birthweight is over 1500 grams, the iron supplement should be given until the baby is 6 months old.

If more than half of the baby’s intake is formula, they should only have half the dose of iron. You can either give half a dose daily or a full dose every other day.

These are the recommendations from Sundhedsstyrelsen (The National Board of Health).

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