Chlamydia is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases in Denmark. There are about 30.000 new cases found annually. Chlamydia is caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis, which can give infection in the urethra and/or on the cervix.
How do you get Chlamydia?
Chlamydia can be transmitted by having unprotected sex. Chlamydia cannot be transmitted by kissing. Mothers can infect their children during birth.
How do you know if you’ve got Chlamydia?
Women can have vaginal discharge, vaginal bleeding during sex, pain in the lower abdomen and a stinging pain when urinating.
Men will more commonly have stinging and pain when urinating and discharge from the urethra. After being infected by having anal sex, there can be discharge and irritation from the rectum.
Approx. 2/3 of women and 1/3 of men who have Chlamydia don’t have any symptoms. Chlamydia can be dormant no symptoms for months. You can therefore have Chlamydia without knowing it.
When can you get symptoms from Chlamydia?
In adults Chlamydia can give symptoms 1-3 weeks after the time of infection.
Can there be complications with Chlamydia?
In women Chlamydia can spread up through the uterus and result in Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID). As a result of PID, adhesions in the ovarian tubes can develop which later can result in the woman not being able to become pregnant – as well as possibly causing chronic lower abdominal pain and ectopic pregnancy.
In men Chlamydia can, in rare cases, spread up the urethra and can give a painful infection in the epididymis (a part of the testicle). This infection probably doesn’t cause a problem for the man’s fertility.
Problems can arise even though you haven’t noticed the underlying Chlamydia. Therefore, its important to take a suspected Chlamydia seriously and be checked by a doctor or nurse as soon as possible.
How can you get checked for Chlamydia?
A swab can be taken from the throat and rectum, as well as a urine sample. In women a swab from the vagina may be necessary.
How do you protect yourself from getting Chlamydia?
Using a condom gives good protection against Chlamydia as well as other sexually transmitted diseases. Chlamydia can also be transmitted when you have oral sex.
How can Chlamydia be treated?
Chlamydia is treated with oral Doxycycline for 7-14 days.
The treatment can give side effects in the form of diarrhea and stomach ache. Sunbathing and solariums should be avoided due to a raised sensitivity to light, if you are being treated with Doxycycline.
Should you go to a control visit after the treatment for Chlamydia has ended?
Yes. 3 months after treatment you should come to the clinic to be swabbed to make sure that the treatment has worked.
When are you cured?
There is a large risk of being infected again, if all your partners don’t get checked and treated. It is important to use a condom for 14 days after the treatment has ended.
Who should be informed if you’ve had Chlamydia?
Chains of infection can be broken by tracing and treating partners of the infected. Therefore, it’s important to inform all your partners who may be infected – so they can be checked and treated if necessary.
If you don’t know precisely when you got infected, all sex partners within the last 12 months should be informed.
If you don’t wish to contact your partners, the out-patient clinics staff can help you with this.